Companies Act, 2013 (Act) has introduced many new concepts and Key Managerial Personnel is one of them. While the Companies Act, 1956
recognised only Managing Director, Whole Time Director and Manager as the Managerial Personnel, the Companies Act, 2013 has brought in the concept
of Key Managerial Personnel which not only covers the traditional roles of managing director and whole time director but also includes some functional
figure heads like Chief Financial Officer and Chief Executive Officer etc. These inclusions are in line with the global trends. “Company Secretary” has also
been brought within the ambit of Key Managerial Personnel giving them the long deserved recognition of a Key Managerial Personnel of the Company.
Another noteworthy feature of this concept is that it combines the important management roles as a team or a cluster rather than as independent individuals
performing their duties in isolation to others.
In the current write up, we have explored this concept of Key Managerial Personnel as put forth in the Companies Act, 2013 read with the relevant rules
WHO IS A KEY MANAGERIAL PERSONNEL?
The definition of the term Key Managerial Personnel is contained in Section 2(51) of the Companies Act, 2013. The said Section states as under:
The above definitions depict that in the case of CEO and CFO, the designation is crucial to deem the person as CEO and CFO
whereas in the case of MD and Manager the functions discharged or the role performed by an individual is taken as the test to deem
them as the MD or Manager. The definition of whole time director is an inclusive definition and CS is defined to mean a CS as per
the Company Secretaries Act, 1980 who is duly appointed to perform the functions of a company secretary.
WHICH COMPANIES ARE MANDATORILY REQUIRED TO APPOINT KEY MANAGERIAL PERSONNEL
As per Section 203 of the Companies Act, 2013 read with the Companies (Appointment and Remuneration of Managerial
Personnel) Rules, 2014, the following class of Companies, namely
· Every listed company, and
· Every other public company having paid up share capital of Rs. 10 Crores or more
shall have the following whole-time key managerial personnel,-
(i) Managing Director, or Chief Executive Officer or manager and in their absence, a whole-time director;
(ii) Company secretary; and
(iii) Chief Financial Officer
Further, as per recently notified Rule 8A of the Companies (Appointment and Remuneration of Managerial Personnel) Rules, 2014,
a company other than a company which is required to appoint a whole time key managerial personnel as discussed above and which
is having paid up share capital of Rs. 5 Crores or more shall have a whole time Company Secretary.
MANNER OF APPOINTMENT OF KMP
· Every whole-time key managerial personnel of a company shall be appointed by means of a resolution of the Board containing the terms and
conditions of the appointment including the remuneration.
· If the office of any whole-time key managerial personnel is vacated, the resulting vacancy shall be filled-up by the Board at a meeting of the
Board within a period of 6 months from the date of such vacancy.
RESTRICTIONS REGARDING APPOINTMENT OF KEY MANAGERIAL PERSONNEL:
· Same person not to act as Chairman and MD/CEO
It has been provided under the Act that the role or designation of Chairman and Managing Director or Chairman and Chief Executive
Officer should not be assigned to the same person. In other words, the same person should not act as both Chairman and Managing
Director or Chief Executive Officer of the Company.
However, in the following circumstances, the above restriction will not apply:
(a) the articles of the company contain provision for appointment of same person, or
(b) the company carries only a single business, or
(c) the company is engaged in multiple businesses and has appointed one or more Chief Executive Officers for each such business
as may be notified by the Central Government
· Whole time KMP not to hold office in more than one company
It has been provided under the Act that a whole-time key managerial personnel shall not hold office in more than one company at the same
o In the company’s subsidiary company,
o As a director in any other company with the permission of the Board
o As a MD, if he is the managing director or manager of one and of not more than one other company and such appointment or
employment is made or approved by a resolution passed at a meeting of the Board with the consent of all the directors present at
the meeting and of which meeting, and of the resolution to be moved thereat, specific notice has been given to all the directors then
Further, it has also been provided that a whole-time key managerial personnel holding office in more than one company at the same time
on the date of commencement of this Act, shall, within a period of 6 months from such commencement, choose one company, in which he
wishes to continue to hold the office of key managerial personnel.
OTHER PROVISIONS REGARDING KMP
· A KMP is included within the meaning of “Officer in Default” under the Act.
· A document or proceeding requiring authentication by a company; or contracts made by or on behalf of a company, may be signed by any
key managerial personnel or an officer of the company duly authorised by the Board in this behalf.
· Details regarding KMP, changes therein and the remuneration paid to them are required to be disclosed in the Annual Return of the
· Explanatory statement should disclose the nature of concern or interest, financial or otherwise, of every key managerial personnel, in
respect of each items of special business to be transacted at a general meeting.
· A person whose relative is employed as a KMP in a company is disqualified to be appointed as auditor in that company.
· A person is disqualified to be appointed as an independent director if he either himself or through his relative holds or has held the position
of a key managerial personnel of the company or its holding, subsidiary or associate company in any of the 3 financial years immediately
preceding the financial year in which he is proposed to be appointed.
· Company is required to maintain a register of the KMPs at its registered office containing particulars which shall include the details of
securities held by each of them in the company or its holding, subsidiary, subsidiary of company’s holding company or associate
· A return of every appointment and change in KMP has to be filed with the ROC within 30 days of the appointment or the change as the
case may be.
· The key managerial personnel shall have a right to be heard in the meetings of the Audit Committee when it considers the auditor’s report
but shall not have the right to vote.
· The remuneration policy of the KMP is to be recommended by the Nomination and Remuneration Committee who should ensure that the
policy involves a balance between fixed and incentive pay reflecting short and long-term performance objectives appropriate to the
working of the company and its goals. Such policy shall be disclosed in the Board's report.
· Every key managerial personnel shall, within a period of 30 days of his appointment, or relinquishment of his office, as the case may be,
disclose to the company the particulars specified in sub-section (1) of section 184 relating to his concern or interest in the other
associations which are required to be included in the register under that sub-section or such other information relating to himself as may be
· Key Managerial Personnel are prohibited to make forward dealings and insider trading in securities of the company.
· Financial statements of a company are required to be signed either by the Chairperson of the company (where he is authorised by the
Board) or by two directors out of which one shall be managing director and the Chief Executive Officer, if he is a director in the company,
the Chief Financial Officer and the company secretary of the company, wherever they are appointed.
PENALTY FOR CONTRAVENTION